Parent table fields & values

Global parent tables

global_GrainSize fields

GRNSIZEID

GRNSIZE

GRNSIZEABB

GRNSIZEMIN

GRNSIZEMAX

-9999

ND

ND

1

Sand

Sa

0.063

2

2

Silt

Si

0.002

0.063

3

Clay

Cl

0.002

4

Large boulder

LBo

630

5

Boulder

Bo

200

630

6

Cobble

Co

63

200

7

Gravel

Gr

2

63

12

Silty Sa

SiSa

0.002

2

13

Clayey Sa

ClSa

2

14

Mix of Sa and LBo

SaLBo

0.063

15

Mix of Sa and Bo

SaBo

0.063

630

16

Mix of Sa and Co

SaCo

0.063

200

17

Mix of Sa and Gr

SaGr

0.063

63

21

Coarse Si

CSi

0.02

0.063

22

Medium Si

MSi

0.0063

0.02

23

Fine Si

FSi

0.002

0.0063

31

Coarse Sa

CSa

0.63

2

32

Medium Sa

MSa

0.2

0.63

33

Fine Sa

FSa

0.063

0.2

50

Pebble

Pe

4

64

56

Mix of Bo and Co

BoCo

63

630

65

Mix of Co and Bo

CoBo

63

630

71

Coarse Gr

CGr

20

63

72

Medium Gr

MGr

6.3

20

73

Fine Gr

FGr

2

6.3

80

Sediment (indet.)

Sed

81

Loam

Lo

2

100

Bedrock

Bed

The unit for both fields “GRNSIZEMIN” and “GRNSIZEMAX” is mm.
The latest global_GrainSize table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to global_GrainSize table variable specs)

global_SiteCode fields

SITECODEID

SITECODE

PARENTID

SITEDESCR

-9999

no data

-9999

1

Stone artefact deposit

15

2

Burial (animal)

15

3

Burial (human)

15

4

Cemetery

15

5

Earth mound

15

6

Hearth (isolated)

15

7

Shell midden

15

8

Open site

15

9

Quarry

15

10

Rock art

15

11

Rockshelter or cave

15

12

Culturally modified tree

15

13

Stone structure

15

14

Anthropogenic

14

15

Archaeological

14

16

Modern (anthropogenic)

14

17

Anthrosol, Technosol

14

18

Tailings, Dump

14

19

Other

15

20

Occupation debris (indet.)

14

21

Natural

21

22

Terrestrial (indet.)

21

23

Soil (indet.)

22

24

Aeolian origin

21

25

Fluvial origin

21

26

Alluvial

25

27

Colluvial

22

28

Lacustrine origin

21

29

Coastal origin

21

30

Marine origin

21

31

Glacial origin

22

32

Biogenic origin

32

33

Animal origin

32

34

Palaeosol

22

35

Flat (indet.)

35

36

Slope (indet.)

22

37

Slope (concave)

22

38

Slope (convex)

22

39

Small hollow

22

40

Mound

22

41

Cave (indet.)

22

42

Talus cone

22

43

Slope wash

22

44

Terrace (indet.)

22

45

Terrace (fluvial)

25

46

Crevasse splay

25

47

Estuarine

29

48

Salt marsh

29

49

Marsh

35

50

Playa

28

51

Floodplain (indet.)

25

52

Delta (indet.)

25

53

Channel (indet.)

25

54

Overbank deposit

25

55

Levee

25

56

Lake

28

57

Pond

28

58

Bog

22

59

Fen

22

60

Mire

22

61

Peat

22

62

Buried fen

22

63

Sapropel / Gyttja

32

64

Moss polster

32

65

Dune

24

66

Loess

24

67

Mound spring or spring

22

68

Burrow

33

69

Nest

33

70

Clutch

33

71

Midden (animal)

33

72

Roost

33

73

Owl roost

72

74

Volcanic lake

56

75

Salt lake

56

76

Salt lake (permanent)

75

77

Salt lake (temporary)

75

78

Coastal fen

29

The latest global_SiteCode table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to global_SiteCode table variable specs)

Note

The dominant attribute of a site will override any other. So, for example, burials in a rockshelter with lots of occupation deposit would be classified as a Rockshelter, not a Cemetery.

global_biomeID fields

BIOMEID

BIOMETYPE

PARENTID

BIOMEDESCR

-9999

no data

-9999

no data

1

Terrestrial

1

2

Aquatic

2

3

Tidal

3

4

Freshwater

4

5

Marine

5

6

Tropical forest

1

7

Tropical rainforest

6

8

Tropical seasonal forest

6

9

Tropical dry forest

6

10

Tropical deciduous broadleaf forest and woodland

6

11

Tropical evergreen broadleaf

6

12

Tropical semi-evergreen broadleaf

6

13

Tropical xerophytic shrubland

6

14

Savanna

1

15

Tropical savanna

14

16

Subtropical savanna

14

17

Temperate savanna

14

18

Temperate deciduous broadleaf savanna

14

19

Mediterranean savanna

14

20

Flooded savanna

14

21

Temperate forest

1

22

Temperate deciduous broadleaf forest

21

23

Temperate evergreen needleleaf forest

21

24

Temperate evergreen needleleaf open woodland

21

25

Temperate sclerophyll woodland and shrubland

21

26

Temperate xerophytic shrubland

21

27

Warm-temperate evergreen broadleaf and mixed

21

28

Cool / cold forest

1

29

Cool mixed forest

28

30

Cool conifer forest

28

31

Cool-temperate evergreen needleleaf forest

28

32

Cool evergreen needleleaf forest

28

33

Taiga (Boreal forest)

28

34

Cold mixed forest

28

35

Cold deciduous forest

28

36

Cold evergreen needleleaf forest

28

37

Cold parkland

28

38

Grassland

1

39

Warm grass- / shrubland

38

40

Cool grass- / shrubland

38

41

Tundra

1

42

Arctic tundra

41

43

Cushion-forb tundra

42

44

Erect dwarf shrub tundra

42

45

Graminoid and forb tundra

42

46

Low and high shrub tundra

42

47

Prostrate dwarf shrub tundra

42

48

Mediterranean

1

49

Chaparral

48

50

Xerophytic woods / scrub

48

51

Desert

1

52

Hot desert

51

53

Semidesert

51

54

Ice / polar desert

51

55

High-altitude desert

51

56

Altitudinal

1

57

Nival barrens

56

58

Alpine tundra

56

59

Sub-nival tundra

58

60

Low-alpine tundra

58

61

Subalpine (montane) woodland

56

63

Barren

1

Classification of biomes on the basis of Prentice et al. (1992), Forseth (2010), and GPD 1.
The latest global_biomeID table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to global_biomeID table variable specs)

global_ibraID fields

IBRAID

IBRACODE

IBRAREGION

-9999

NA

NA

1

ARC

Arnhem Coast

2

ARP

Arnhem Plateau

3

AUA

Australian Alps

…

…

… table truncated …

The latest full global_ibraID table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
Detailed information about Australia’s bioregions classification rationale and model can be found at https://www.dcceew.gov.au/environment/land/nrs/science/ibra.
(🔙 to global_ibraID table variable specs)

Important

The global_ibraID table only applies to samples from Australia.

global_rivID fields

RIVID

AHGFL1

AHGFL2

RIVNAME

RIVDIV

-9999

NA

NA

NA

NA

1

CC

CC_01

Koolatong River

Carpentaria Coast

2

CC

CC_02

Walker River

Carpentaria Coast

3

CC

CC_03

Groote Eylandt

Carpentaria Coast

…

…

…

…

… table truncated …

The latest full global_rivID table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
Detailed information about the Australian Hydrological Geospatial Fabric (Geofabric) classification rationale and model can be found at http://www.bom.gov.au/water/geofabric/.
(🔙 to global_rivID table variable specs)

Important

The global_rivID table only applies to samples from Australia.

global_varunitID fields

V_UNITID

V_UNITABBR

V_UNITNAME

PARENTID

-9999

ND

no data

-9999

1

quant

quantity

1

2

qual

quality

2

3

length

lenght (indet.)

1

4

area

area (indet.)

1

5

volume

volume (indet.)

1

6

mass

mass (indet.)

1

7

t

time (indet.)

1

8

T

temperature (indet.)

1

9

conc

concentration (indet.)

1

10

m.conc

mass concentration

1

11

mol.conc

molar concentration

1

12

n.conc

number concentration

1

13

vol.conc

volume concentration

1

14

m.frac

mass fraction

15

15

dimless

dimensionless

1

16

pts (indet.)

points (indet.)

2

17

pts

points counted

1

18

cts (indet.)

counts (indet.)

2

19

grns (indet.)

grains (indet.)

2

20

grns

grains counted

1

21

n

number

21

22

NISP

number of identified specimen

1

23

parts (indet.)

particles (indet.)

2

24

parts

particles counted

1

25

frags (indet.)

fragments (indet.)

2

26

frags

fragments counted

1

27

sphrs (indet.)

spheres (indet.)

2

28

sphrs

spheres counted

1

29

pollen (indet.)

pollen (indet.)

2

30

pollen

pollen counted

1

31

nods (indet.)

nodules (indet.)

2

32

nods

nodules counted

1

33

tabl

tablet

2

34

pix (indet.)

pixel (indet.)

2

35

pix

pixels counted

1

36

aliq

aliquot

2

37

spec

specimen (individual)

2

38

ratio

ratio (indet.)

38

39

abud

abundance

39

40

pres

presence

2

41

abs

absence

2

42

pres/abs

presence/absence (indet.)

2

43

u

units (indet.)

2

44

u (arb.)

units (arbitrary)

2

45

psdo

pseudo-unit

15

46

peak

peak measured

2

47

volmc

volumetric (indet.)

2

48

gravc

gravimetric (indet.)

2

49

%

percent

45

50

‰

per mil

45

51

km

kilometer

3

52

m

meter

3

53

dm

decimeter

3

54

cm

centimeter

3

55

mm

millimeter

3

56

µm

micrometer

3

57

nm

nanometer

3

58

km^2

square kilometer

4

59

ha

hectare

4

60

m^2

square meter

4

61

dm^2

square decimeter

4

62

cm^2

square centimeter

4

63

mm^2

square millimeter

4

64

µm^2

square micrometer

4

65

nm^2

square nanometer

4

66

km^3

cubic kilometer

5

67

m^3

cubic meter

5

68

dm^3

cubic decimeter

5

69

cm^3

cubic centimeter

5

70

mm^3

cubic millimeter

5

71

µm^3

cubic micrometer

5

72

nm^3

cubic nanometer

5

73

L

litre

5

74

dl

decilitre

5

75

cl

centilitre

5

76

ml

millilitre

5

77

µl

microlitre

5

78

nl

nanolitre

5

79

kg

kilogram

6

80

g

gram

6

81

mg

milligram

6

82

µg

microgram

6

83

ng

nanogram

6

84

°C

degree Celsius

7

85

K

kelvin

7

86

°F

degree Fahrenheit

7

87

kyr

year * 1000

7

88

yr

year

7

89

mos

month

7

90

day

day

7

91

hrs

hour

7

92

min

minute

7

93

sec

second

7

94

in

inch

3

95

ft

foot

3

96

mi

mile

3

97

nmi

nautical mile

3

98

oz

ounce

6

99

lb

pound

6

100

fl oz

fluid ounce

5

101

gal

gallon

5

102

ppm

parts per million

45

103

ppb

parts per billion

45

104

ppt

parts per trillion

45

105

g/L

10

106

mg/L

10

107

µg/L

10

108

ng/L

10

109

g/cm^3

10

110

g/ml

10

111

mg/ml

10

112

pts/ml

12

113

pts/g

39

114

pts/cm^2

39

115

pts/cm^3

12

116

pts/tabl

39

117

pts/area

39

118

pts/aliq

39

119

grns/ml

12

120

grns/g

39

121

grns/cm^2

39

122

grns/cm^3

12

123

grns/tabl

39

124

grns/area

39

125

grns/aliq

39

126

parts/ml

12

127

parts/g

39

128

parts/cm^2

12

129

parts/cm^3

12

130

parts/tabl

39

131

parts/area

39

132

parts/aliq

39

133

frags/ml

12

134

frags/g

39

135

frags/cm^2

39

136

frags/cm^3

12

137

frags/tabl

39

138

frags/area

39

139

frags/aliq

39

140

NISP/ml

12

141

NISP/g

39

142

NISP/cm^2

39

143

NISP/cm^3

12

144

NISP/tabl

39

145

NISP/area

39

146

NISP/aliq

12

147

NISP dig

NISP digitsed

1

148

g/kg

14

149

mg/kg

14

150

µg/kg

14

151

ng/kg

14

152

mg/g

14

153

µg/g

14

154

ng/g

14

155

cm^2/ml

15

156

mm^2/ml

15

157

µm^2/ml

15

158

cts/cm^2/yr

15

159

grns/cm^2/yr

15

160

parts/cm^2/yr

15

161

frags/cm^2/yr

15

162

sphrs/cm^2/yr

15

163

g/cm^2/yr

15

164

area/μm^2/cm^3

15

165

area/mm^2

15

166

area/mm^2/g

15

167

area/mm^2/cm^3

15

168

area/mm^2/cm^2/yr

15

169

area/cm^3

15

170

pts/cm^2/cm^3

15

171

pts/cm^3/yr

15

172

% moist mass

15

173

% dry weight

15

174

% of pollen sum

15

175

% of tot org

% of total organic fraction

15

176

C:P ratio

38

177

area:pollen ratio

38

178

% BC

% BC

15

The latest global_varunitID table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to global_varunitID table variable specs)

global_RefCore fields

The latest global_RefCore table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to global_RefCore table variable specs)

global_RefAbstract fields

The latest global_RefAbstract table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to global_RefAbstract table variable specs)

global_Author fields

OAID

AUTH

FORENAME

INITIALS

ORCID

SCOPUSID

WSCC_RESID

AUTH_COMMT

AUTH_URL

URL_DATE

OAID-000001

Abbühl

Luca A.

26427570600

OAID-000002

Abrahami

Rachel

0000-0002-1406-3876

56983056700

OAID-000003

Adams

Byron A.

0000-0001-8219-3544

55181943900

I-4243-2015

…

…

…

…

…

…

…

…

…

… truncated …

The latest global_Author table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to global_Author table variable specs)

global_Journal fields

JOURNALID

JOURNAL

JOURNALABB

PRINT_ISSN

ONLIN_ISSN

1

Advances in Earth Science

Adv_Earth_Sci

1001-912X

2

American Journal of Science

Am_J_Sci

0002-9599

1945-452X

3

Basin Research

Basin_Res

0950-091X

1365-2117

…

…

…

…

… truncated …

The latest global_Journal table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to global_Journal table variable specs)

global_PubType fields

PUBTYPEID

PUBTYPE

1

article

2

book

3

booklet

4

conference

5

inbook

6

incollection

7

inproceedings

8

manual

9

mastersthesis

10

misc

11

phdthesis

12

proceedings

13

techreport

14

unpublished

15

pers_comm

16

online

  • article 2 – An article from a journal or magazine. Required fields: author, title, journal, year. Optional fields: volume, number, pages, month, note.

  • book – A book with an explicit publisher. Required fields: author or editor, title, publisher, year. Optional fields: volume or number, series, address, edition, month, note.

  • booklet – A work that is printed and bound, but without a named publisher or sponsoring institution. Required field: title. Optional fields: author, howpublished, address, month, year, note.

  • conference – The same as inproceedings, included for Scribe compatibility.

  • inbook – A part of a book, which may be a chapter (or section or whatever) and/or a range of pages. Required fields: author or editor, title, chapter and/or pages, publisher, year. Optional fields: volume or number, series, type, address, edition, month, note.

  • incollection – A part of a book having its own title. Required fields: author, title, booktitle, publisher, year. Optional fields: editor, volume or number, series, type, chapter, pages, address, edition, month, note.

  • inproceedings – An article in a conference proceedings. Required fields: author, title, booktitle, year. Optional fields: editor, volume or number, series, pages, address, month, organization, publisher, note.

  • manual – Technical documentation. Required field: title. Optional fields: author, organization, address, edition, month, year, note.

  • mastersthesis – A Master’s thesis. Required fields: author, title, school, year. Optional fields: type, address, month, note.

  • misc – Use this type when nothing else fits. Required fields: none. Optional fields: author, title, howpublished, month, year, note.

  • phdthesis – A PhD thesis. Required fields: author, title, school, year. Optional fields: type, address, month, note.

  • proceedings – The proceedings of a conference. Required fields: title, year. Optional fields: editor, volume or number, series, address, month, organization, publisher, note.

  • techreport – A report published by a school or other institution, usually numbered within a series. Required fields: author, title, institution, year. Optional fields: type, number, address, month, note.

  • unpublished – A document having an author and title, but not formally published. Required fields: author, title, note. Optional fields: month, year.

  • pers_comm – Personal communication. Required fields: author

  • online – Internet source. Required fields: title, url, urldate (in “NOTE” field)

The latest global_PubType table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to global_PubType table variable specs)

Regional parent tables

cabah_LabCodes fields

LAB_ORIGID

LAB_PREFIX

LAB_FACLTY

CNTRY

LAB_ACTIVE

LAB_MTD

LAB_URL

LAB_SOURCE

-9999

Lab_indet.

ND

ND

FALSE

NA

NA

1

A

Univ. of Arizona

USA

C14

Radiocarbon

2

AA

NSF-Ariz. AMS Facility

USA

C14

Radiocarbon

3

AAR

Univ. of Aarhus

DNK

C14

Radiocarbon

…

…

…

…

…

…

…

… truncated …

The latest cabah_LabCodes table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to cabah_LabCodes table variable specs)

cabah_agetypeID fields

AGETYPEID

AGETYPE

AGETDESCR

AGETCOMMT

-9999

ND

no data

1

Years BP

2

Calendar years BP

3

Calendar years AD/BC

4

Varve years BP

5

Radiocarbon years BP

6

Direct calibration

7

Calibrated years BP

8

Calibrated by synth. coord.

9

Calibrated radiocarbon years BP

The latest cabah_agetypeID table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to cabah_agetypeID table variable specs)

cabah_basinsizeID fields

BASINSZEID

BASINSIZE

BASINAREA

-9999

ND

no data

1

XL

>500 km^2 (very large)

2

L

50.1-500 km^2 (large)

3

M

1.1-50 km^2 (medium)

4

S

0.01-1 km^2 (small)

5

XS

<0.01 km^2 (very small)

The latest cabah_basinsizeID table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to cabah_basinsizeID table variable specs)

cabah_catchmentsizeID fields

CATCHSZEID

CATCHMSIZE

CATCHMAREA

-9999

ND

no data

1

L

>500 km^2 (large)

2

M

10.1-500 km^2 (medium)

3

S

10 km^2 (small)

The latest cabah_catchmentsizeID table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to cabah_catchmentsizeID table variable specs)

cabah_charmethodID fields

CHARMTDID

CHARMETHOD

CHARMTDDSC

CHARMTDREF

-9999

ND

no data

1

Hand picked

Hand picked charcoal from soil samples

2

Sieved

Charcoal isolated by sieving soil samples

Millspaugh & Whitlock (1995). DOI: 10.1177/095968369500500303

3

Pollen slide

Charcoal quantified during pollen analysis

4

Sieved, imaging software

Charcoal separated by sieving soil samples and quantified using imaging software

5

Hydrogen pyrolysis

Isolation of pyrogenic carbon using hydrogen pyrolysis

Wurster et al. (2012). DOI: 10.1002/rcm.6397

6

Heavy liquid separation

Charcoal isolated by density separation using heavy liquid

Turner et al. (2004) https://trove.nla.gov.au/work/33952115

7

Thin slides

Soil micromorphology

8

Winkler method

Gravimetric chemical assay

Winkler, M. G. (1985). DOI: 10.1016/0033-5894(85)90038-9

9

Cumulative probability (95%)

95% confidence interval

10

Gas chromatography

Acidification of sample using gas chromatography to measure elemental carbon

Verardo et al. (1990). DOI: 10.1016/0198-0149(90)90034-S

11

Other

The latest cabah_charmethodID table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to cabah_charmethodID table variable specs)

cabah_chemprepID fields

CHEMPREPID

CHEMPREP

CHEMPREPAB

-9999

no data

ND

-9991

not applicable

NA

1

Acid-Base-Acid

ABA

2

ABA (base soluble)

ABA (base soluble)

3

ABA and bleach

ABA and bleach

4

ABA and bleach-Stepped Combustion

ABA and bleach-SC

5

Acid-Base-Acid Stepped Combustion

ABA-SC

6

Acid-Base Oxidation

ABOx

7

Acid-Base Oxidation Stepped Combustion

ABOx-SC

8

Acid treatment

Acid

9

Acid (to extract apatite)

Acid (to extract apatite)

10

Acid or ABA gelatinisation-ultrafiltration

Acid or ABA gelatin-ultra

11

Acid or ABA-gelatinisation

Acid or ABA-gelatin

12

Alpha cellulose

Alpha cellulose

13

Alpha cellulose-SC

Alpha cellulose-SC

14

AOx

AOx

15

AOx-SC

AOx-SC

16

Carbonate Density Separation

CARDS

17

CARDS + acid

CARDS + acid

18

Hydroxyproline

Hydroxyproline

19

Hydrogen Pyrolysis

HyPy

20

Plasma Oxidation

Plasma Oxidation

21

Potassium permanganate (to extract oxalate)

KMnO4 (to extract oxalate)

22

Stepped hydrolysis

Stepped hydrolysis

23

Resin used to clean amino acids

XAD

24

Acid-Alkali-Acid

AAA

25

AAA or ABA

AAA/ABA

26

AAA or ABA or Acid wash

AAA/ABA/Acid

27

ABA + Ultrafiltration

ABAu

28

Several fragments dated together

Bulk

29

Collagen Stepped Combustion

Coll_SC

30

Collagen ultrafiltration

Coll_ultra

31

Gelatinisation

Gelatin

32

Modified Longin method

Longin

33

no treatment

No

34

Ultrafiltration

Ultra

99

for other method

Other

  • ABA – Acid-base-acid is equivalent to AAA (acid-alkali-acid)

  • ABOx-SC – Acid-base-oxidation-stepped-combustion

  • HyPy – Hydrogen pyrolysis

  • Acid-gelatinisation – The Longin method

  • CARDS – Carbonate Density Separation

  • XAD – Resin used to clean amino acids. Note that XAD flag overwrites potential other pretreatment

  • Plasma oxidation and potassium permanganate methods refer to methods which aim to convert a specific portion of the sample to CO2 and may involve a variety of other steps.

  • Bulk – Several fragments dated together

  • SC – Stepped combustion

  • Ultra – Ultrafiltration

  • Longin – Modified Longing method

  • Gelatin – Gelatinisation

  • Coll – Collagen

The latest cabah_chemprepID table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to cabah_chemprepID table variable specs)

cabah_col_mtdID fields

COL_MTDID

COL_MTD

PARENTID

-9999

ND

-9999

1

Auger

1

2

Block

2

3

Core

3

4

Downhole Tube

6

5

Excavated

5

6

Tube

6

7

Other

7

8

InSitu

8

9

Sieve

9

10

Grab sample

10

11

Composite sample

10

12

Van Veen grab sampler

10

13

Casq corer

3

14

Russian corer

3

15

Wardenaar corer

3

16

Freeze corer

3

17

Gravity corer

3

18

Percussion corer

3

19

Piston corer

3

20

D-section corer

14

21

Vibro corer

3

22

Box corer

3

23

Reineck box corer

22

24

USNEL box corer

22

25

Grab sample amalgamated

10

26

Colinvaux-Vohnout piston corer

19

27

Dachnowski corer

3

28

Eijkelkamp corer

3

29

Freeze corer

3

30

Glew gravity corer

17

31

Hiller peat corer

3

32

Kullenberg piston corer

19

33

Livingstone piston corer

19

34

PVC tube

6

35

Square rod piston corer

19

36

Streif-Livingstone piston corer

33

37

Usinger piston corer

19

38

Vallentyne piston corer

33

39

Wright square-rod piston corer

35

The latest cabah_col_mtdID table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to cabah_col_mtdID table variable specs)

cabah_datasourceID fields

DATASRCID

DATASOURCE

DATASRCDSC

DATASRCREF

-9999

ND

no data

1

Author

Author provided data

2

Digitised

Data digitised from diagram using software

3

QUAVIDA

Rowe et al. (2007). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2007.04.001

4

Paleofire database

Digitised data sourced from the Global Paleofire Database or Neotoma Paleoecology Database

5

Optical approximation

6

Other

The latest cabah_datasourceID table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to cabah_datasourceID table variable specs)

cabah_depositID fields

DEPOSITID

DEPOSIT

PARENTID

DEPOSITDSC

-9999

ND

-9999

no data

1

Sedimentary (non-specific)

1

Sedimentary deposit, regardless of origin / genesis

2

Sedimentary, clastic

1

3

Sedimentary, chemical

1

4

Sedimentary, biogenic

1

5

Sedimentary, residual

1

6

Aeolian origin (non-specific)

1

7

Fluvial origin (non-specific)

1

8

Lacustrine origin (non-specific)

1

Equals ‘Limnic’

9

Marine origin (non-specific)

1

10

Glacial origin (non-specific)

1

11

Pyroclastic origin ( non-specific)

1

12

Gravitational origin (non-specific)

1

Primarily gravitational origin, other processes may be involved

13

Mass wasting origin

12

14

Landslip origin

13

15

Landslide origin

13

16

Rockslide origin

13

17

Rock fall origin

13

18

Slump origin

13

19

Debris flow origin

13

20

Pedogenic origin (non-specific)

20

21

Soil (non-specific)

20

22

Palaeosol

21

23

Organic origin (non-specific)

23

24

Animal origin (non-specific)

23

25

Animal midden (non-specific)

25

26

Plant origin (non-specific)

23

27

Composite deposit (non-specific)

27

Composite refers to classification / terminology, not to material composition

28

Alluvial (non-specific)

7

29

Archaeological (non-specific)

29

30

Chemical precipitates (non-specific)

3

31

Asphaltic sand

27

32

Asphaltic seep

27

33

Bar

7

34

Beach (non-specific)

115

35

Bedrock desintegration

2

36

Burial

29

37

Burrow

25

38

Channel (non-specific)

7

39

Channel lag

38

40

Coarse-grained (non-specific)

2

41

Colluvium (non-specific)

7

42

Crevasse splay

7

43

Deep water muds

9

44

Deltaic coarse

7

45

Diatomite

9

46

Dune (non-specific)

6

47

Dung

25

48

Fine-grained (non-specific)

2

49

Floodplain

7

50

Levee

7

51

Marl (non-specific)

2

52

Loam (non-specific)

2

53

Midden

23

54

Mound origin (non-specific)

54

55

Occupation debris

29

56

Packrat midden

25

57

Point Bar

7

58

Talus cone

12

59

Terrace (non-specific)

59

60

Terrace, fluvial

7

61

Terrace, Kame

10

62

Terrace, marine

9

63

Terrace, lacustrine

8

64

Terrace, structural

59

Formed by differential erosion in layered rocks

65

Terrace, travertine

66

66

Travertine

30

67

Tufa

30

68

Chaotic deposit (non-specific)

2

69

Unsorted (non-specific)

2

70

Ejecta (non-specific)

2

71

Varved

8

72

Tephra

11

73

Loess

6

74

Loess (reworked)

73

75

Gravel (non-specific)

2

76

Silt (non-specific)

2

77

Clay (non-specific)

2

78

Silty clay

77

79

Clayey silt

76

80

Silty sand

98

81

Laminated silt and clay

2

82

Gyttja

76

Equals ‘Organic silt’

83

Wetland origin (non-specific)

83

84

Bog sediment

83

Usually enclosed depression filled by rain water

85

Swamp origin

83

86

Marsh origin

83

87

Fen origin

83

Steady supply by ground water source

88

Pond origin

83

89

Shallow water muds

83

90

Peat deposit (non-specific)

83

91

Muck deposit

83

92

Fibric peat

90

93

Silty peat

90

94

Detrital Peat

90

95

Peat, sedge

90

96

Peat, tephra

90

97

Organic Detritus

90

98

Sand (non-specific)

2

99

Cross-bedded sand

98

100

Fine sand

98

101

Fossiliferous silt

27

102

Sapropel

27

103

Cave deposits

103

104

Owl roost

25

105

Fish bed

25

106

Organic sand

98

107

Organic silty clay

77

108

Medium sand

98

109

Moss (non-specific)

23

110

Other

110

111

Lake sediment

8

112

Estuarine sediment (non-specific)

112

113

Buried surface (non-specific)

113

114

Bulk deposit (non-specific)

114

115

Coastal origin (non-specific)

1

The latest cabah_depositID table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to cabah_depositID table variable specs)

cabah_flowtypeID fields

FLOWTYPEID

FLOWTYPE

FLOWTYPDCR

-9999

ND

no data

1

inflow

inflow only

2

outflow

outflow only

3

open

in and out flow

4

closed

no inflow or outflow

5

unclear

unclear

The latest cabah_flowtypeID table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to cabah_flowtypeID table variable specs)

cabah_methodID fields

METHODID

METHOD

METHODABBR

PARENTID

METHODREF

-9999

not applicable

NA

-9999

1

Amino Acid Racemization

AAR

63

Hare, P .E. & Abelson, P .H. (1968). Racemization of amino acids in fossil shells. Carnegie Institution of Washington Yearbook, 66, 516–528.

2

Radiocarbon Dating

C14

14

Anderson, Libby, Weinhouse, Reid, Kirshenbaum & Grosse (1947) 3

3

Cation Ratio Dating

CRD

3

Dorn (1983) 4

4

Electron Spin Resonance

ESR

47

Zeller, E.J.; Levy, P.W.; & Mattern, P.L. (1967). Geologic dating by electron spin resonance. International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).

5

Oxidisable Carbon Ratio

OCR

5

Frink (1996) 5

6

Optically Stimulated Luminescence

OSL

47

Huntley, Godfrey-Smith & Thewalt (1985) 6

7

Thermoluminescence

TL

47

Daniels, Boyd & Saunders (1953) 7

8

Uranium-Series

U

42

9

Closed-system U-Series and ESR model

CSU-ESR

83

10

Stratigraphic correlation

Strat

68

11

Coupled U-ESR model

U-ESR

83

12

Chronometric dating (non-specific)

ChronMet

12

13

Radiometric dating (non-specific)

RadioMet

12

14

Cosmogenic Radionuclides

CRN

13

15

C13 date

C13

2

16

C14 date (uncorrected)

C14-uncorr

2

17

C14 date (corrected)

C14-corr

2

18

Tritium/Helium

3H/3He

14

Kaufmann & Libby (1954) 8

19

Beryllium-10

Be-10

14

Arnold (1956) 9

20

Aluminium-26

Al-26

14

Tanaka, S.; Sakamoto, K. & Tschuchimoto, M. (1964). Experimental proposal on search for 26Al induced by cosmic-ray myons in terrestrial rocks. Inst. Nuclear Study, Univ. Tokyo, INS-19.

21

Silicon-32

Si-32

14

Lal, Goldberg & Koide (1960) 10

22

Chlorine-36

Cl-36

14

Davis & Schaeffer (1955) 11

23

Argon-39

Ar-39

14

Loosli & Oeschger (1968) 12

24

Calcium-41

Ca-41

14

Raisbeck & Yiou (1979) 13

25

Manganese-53

Mg-53

14

Wilkinson & Sheline (1955) 14

26

Krypton-81

Kr-81

14

Marti (1967) 15

27

Iodine-129

I-129

14

Takagi, Hampel & Kirsten (1974) 16

28

Radionuclide dating

RN

13

29

Radionuclides (long-lived)

RN-long

28

30

Argon-Isotope dating (non-specific)

Ar

29

31

40K/40Ar

K/Ar

30

Smits & Gentner (1950) 17

32

39Ar(K)/40Ar

Ar/Ar

30

Sigurgeirsson, Thorbjörn (1962). Dating recent basalt by the potassium argon method. (in Icelandic) Rept. Physical Laboratory of the Univ. Iceland, p. 9

33

87Rb/Sr87

Rb/Sr

29

Hahn, Strassmann & Walling (1937) 18

34

147Sm/143Nd

Sm/Nd

29

Lugmair, G. W. (1974). Sm-Nd ages: a new dating method. Meteoritics, 9, 369.

35

176Lu/176Hf

Lu/Hf

29

Herr, Merz, Eberhardt & Signer (1958) 19

36

187Re/187Os

Re/Os

29

Herr & Merz (1955) 20

37

U/Th/Pb (non-specific)

U/Th/Pb

29

Holmes (1911) 21

38

207Pb/206Pb

Pb/Pb

29

Houtermans, F. G. (1946). The isotope ratios in natural lead and the age of uranium. Naturwissenschaften, 33, 185–186.

39

Radionuclides (short-lived)

RN-short

28

40

Lead-210

210Pb

39

Goldberg, E. D. (1963). Geochronology with 210Pb. In: Radioactive Dating, I.A.E.A., Vienna: 121–131.

41

Caesium-137

137Cs

39

Williams (1995) 22

42

Parent daughter disequilibrium

PD-Disequ

13

43

230Th/U

Th/U

8

Barnes, Lang & Potratz (1956) 23

44

234U/238U

U/U

8

Thurber (1962) 24

45

230Th_exc

Th_exc

42

Petterson, H. (1937). Das Verhaltnis Thorium zu Uran in dem Gestein und im Meer. (in German) Anz. Akad. Wiss. Wien Math. Naturwiss. Kl. 127.

46

210Pb (free)

210Pb_free

42

Goldberg, F. D. (1963). Geochronology with lead-210. In: Radioactive Dating, 121–131, IAEA Wien.

47

Radiation exposure (non-specific)

RadEx

13

48

Luminescence (non-specific)

LUM

47

49

Infrared Photoluminescence

IR-PL

47

Prasad, Poolton, Kook & Jain (2017) 25

50

Infrared Radiofluorescence

IR-RF

47

Trautmann, Krbetschek, Dietrich & Stolz (1998) 26

51

Infrared Stimulated Luminescence

IRSL

47

Hütt, Jaek & Tchonka (1988) 27

52

Alpha-recoil track dating

ART

47

Huang & Walker (1967) 28

53

(Uranium+Thorium)/Helium

(U+Th)/He

47

Fanale & Schaeffer (1965) 29

54

Fission track

FT

47

Price & Walker (1962) 30

55

Banded records (non-specific)

Banded

12

56

Dendrochronology

Dendro

55

57

Varve chronology

Varve

55

58

Annual layers in glacier ice

Ice

55

59

Lichenometry

Lichen

55

60

Speleothem bands

Speleo

55

61

Coral bands

Coral

55

62

Mollusc bands

Mollusc

55

63

Relative dating method (non-specific)

RelDat

63

64

Rock surface weathering

RSurf

63

65

Obsidian hydration dating

Obsid

63

Friedman & Smith (1960) 31

66

Pedogenesis

Pedogen

63

67

Relative dating of fossile bone

FUn

63

Oakley, K. (1949). The fluorine-dating method. Yearbook of Physical Anthropology, 5, 44.

68

Age equivalence (non-specific)

AgeEquiv

68

69

Oxygen isotope chronostratigraphy

Oxygen

68

Emiliani (1954) 32

70

Tephrochronology

Tephra

68

Thorarinsson, Sigurdur (1944). Tefrokronologiska studier på Island : Þjórsárdalur och dess förödelse. Thesis (doctoral). Stockholms Högskola. 217 pp

71

European settlement horizon

Horizon

68

72

Known fire

Fire

68

73

Magnetostratigraphy (non-specific)

Magnet

68

74

Archaeomagnetic dating

A-Magnet

73

Harold (1960) 33

75

Geomagnetic dating

G-Magnet

73

Thellier, E. (1938). Sur l’aimantation des terres cuites et ses applications géophysiques. Ann. Inst. Phys. Globe, 16, pp. 157–302

76

Palaeomagnetic dating

P-Magnet

73

Irving, E. (1964). Paleomagnetism and its application to geological and geophysical problems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, New York.

77

Palaeosol

Psol

68

Catt, J. A. (1986). Soils and Quaternary geology: a handbook for field scientists. 267 pp.

78

Marker horizon

Marker

68

79

Fossil assemblage

Fossil

78

80

Pollen correlation

Pollen

68

81

Top of core

Core-hi

68

82

Bottom of core

Core-lo

68

83

Method combination (non-specific)

Combi

83

84

Statistical approach (non-specific)

Stats

84

85

Estimated

Estimate

84

86

Extrapolation

Extrap

84

87

Interpolation

Interp

84

88

Measurement technique

MeasApp

88

89

Liquid Scintillation Counting (non-specific)

LSC

88

Birks, J.B. (1964). The Theory and Practice of Scintillation Counting. Pergammon Press, Oxford, UK.

90

Cherenkov Counting

LSC-C

88

Rengan (1983) 34

91

Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (non-specific)

AMS

88

Fifield (1999) 35

92

SHRIMP

SHRIMP

88

Classification and selection of methods on the basis of Geyh (2005) and Walker (2005).
The latest cabah_methodID table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to cabah_methodID table variable specs)

cabah_unittypeID fields

UNITTYPEID

UNITTYPE

UNITTDESCR

-9999

ND

no data

1

Animal midden

2

Artefact

an object made by a human being, typically one of cultural or historical interest (Oxford Languages)

3

Collection piece

a collection / museum piece

4

Composite

any composite unit as for instance a dip-net water sample

5

Core

the product of a coring (not boring!) process

6

Excavation

7

Outcrop

a rock formation that is visible on the surface (Oxford Languages)

8

Plot

a method of abundance estimation, mainly used in ecology

9

Road cut

10

Section

11

Shell midden

(aka ‘shell mound’) an archaeological feature consisting mainly of mollusc shells

12

Surface float

13

Trap

14

Other

The latest cabah_unittypeID_Fields table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
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c14_calcurve fields

CALCURVEID

CALCURVE

CALCURVREF

CALCRVNOTE

-9999

no data

1

ATM10.14C

Stuiver:1986program

10 yr atmospheric record to 2490 cal BC (circa 4200 14-C BP); younger terrestrial samples

2

ATM20.14C

Stuiver:1986program

20 yr atmospheric record to 7210 cal BC (circa 8200 14-C BP); terrestrial samples

3

MARINE.14C

Stuiver:1986program

20 yr marine model record to 7190 cal BC (circa 8585 14-C BP); marine samples

4

IntCal93

Stuiver:1993intcal

5

IntCal98

Stuiver:1998intcal

6

IntCal04

Reimer:2004intcal

7

SHCal04

McCormac:2004shcal

8

Hughen et al. 2004

Hughen:2004changes

9

Fairbanks0107

Fairbanks:2005calibration

10

CalPal2007_HULU

Weninger:2007calpal

11

IntCal09

Reimer:2009intcal

12

Marine09

Reimer:2009intcal

13

IntCal13

Reimer:2013intcal

14

Marine13

Reimer:2013intcal

Part of IntCal13

15

SHCal13

Hogg:2013shcal

Part of IntCal13

16

IntCal20

Reimer:2020intcal

17

Marine20

Heaton:2020marine

Part of IntCal20

18

SHCal20

Hogg:2020shcal

Part of IntCal20

19

Other

The latest c14_calcurve_Fields table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to c14_calcurve table variable specs)

c14_calprogram fields

CALPROGID

CALPROGRAM

CALPROGVER

CALPROGREF

PARENTID

CALPRODATE

CALPRONOTE

1

Radiocarbon calibration (non-specific)

1

2

Radiocarbon calibration (Bayesian)

1

3

Radiocarbon calibration (classic)

1

4

post-bomb correction

1

5

Age-Depth modelling (non-specific)

5

6

Age-Depth modelling (Bayesian)

5

7

Age-Depth modelling (classic)

5

8

BCal

Buck:1999bcal

2

…

…

…

…

…

…

…

117

Fairbanks0805

Fairbanks:2005calibration

2

118

OxCal (non-specific)

BronkRamsey:1995oxcal

2

119

OxCal

2.00

118

…

…

…

…

…

…

…

193

rplum

rplum 0.3.0

Blaauw:2020rplum

187

23.12.2022

For version details see https://cran.r-project.org/web/packages/rplum/index.html

The latest c14_calprogram_Fields table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to c14_calprogram table variable specs)

Local parent tables

crn_alstndID fields

ALSTNDID

ALSTND

ALSTND_PUB

ALCORR

ALSTNDRTIO

-9999

NA

NA

0

1

ZAL94

AL09

0.9134

1.19E-09

2

ZAL94

AL09-Assumed

0.9134

1.19E-09

3

KNSTD

KN-4-2

1

3.096E-11

4

KNSTD

KN-4-2-Assumed

1

3.096E-11

5

KNSTD

KN01-X-Y

1

6

KNSTD

KN01-X-Y-Assumed

1

7

KNSTD

KNSTD

1

8

KNSTD

KNSTD-Assumed

1

9

KNSTD

KNSTD10650

1

1.065E-11

10

KNSTD

KNSTD10650-Assumed

1

1.065E-11

11

KNSTD

KNSTD30960

1

3.096E-11

12

KNSTD

KNSTD30960-Assumed

1

3.096E-11

13

KNSTD

NBS

1

14

KNSTD

NBS-Assumed

1

15

SMAL11

SMAL11

1.021

7.401E-12

16

SMAL11

SMAL11-Assumed

1.021

7.401E-12

17

KNSTD

Z92-0222

1

4.11E-11

18

KNSTD

Z92-0222-Assumed

1

4.11E-11

19

KNSTD

Z93-0221

1

1.68E-11

20

KNSTD

Z93-0221-Assumed

1

1.68E-11

21

ZAL94

ZAL94

0.9134

5.26E-10

22

ZAL94

ZAL94-Assumed

0.9134

5.26E-10

23

ZAL94N

ZAL94N

1

4.9E-10

24

ZAL94N

ZAL94N-Assumed

1

4.9E-10

25

ND

ND

0

Values for crn_alstndID.”ALSTNDCOMT” field as follows …

  • IDs 1, 2 – ETH-Zurich standard, former Cologne standard, equivalent to ZAL94

  • IDs 3, 4 – ANSTO, equivalent to KNSTD

  • IDs 5, 6 – Cologne, equivalent to KNSTD

  • IDs 7, 8 – Nishiizumi, 2004

  • IDs 9, 10 – LLNL-CAMS, equivalent to KNSTD

  • IDs 11, 12 – LLNL-CAMS, PRIME-Lab, equivalent to KNSTD

  • IDs 13, 14 – ASTER in-house standard

  • IDs 15, 16 – PRIME Lab standard, equivalent to KNSTD

  • IDs 17, 18 – PRIME Lab standard, ANSTO, ANSTO-Assumed, equivalent to KNSTD

  • IDs 19, 20 – ETH-Zurich standard used prior to 1 Apr 2010, Kubik and Christl, 2010

  • IDs 21, 22 – ETH-Zurich standard, equivalent to KNSTD, effective 1 Apr 2010, Kubik and Christl, 2010

The latest crn_alstndID table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to crn_alstndID table variable specs)

crn_amsID fields

AMSID

AMS

AMSORG

-9999

NA

not applicable

1

ANSTO

Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation ANSTO

2

ANSTO-Assumed

Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation ANSTO

3

ANU

Australian National University ANU

4

ANU-Assumed

Australian National University ANU

5

ASTER

Centre for Research and Teaching in Environmental Geoscience CEREGE

6

ASTER-Assumed

Centre for Research and Teaching in Environmental Geoscience CEREGE

7

Cologne

University of Cologne

8

Cologne-Assumed

University of Cologne

9

DREAMS

Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf HZDR

10

DREAMS-Assumed

Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf HZDR

11

ETH-Zurich

Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich ETH-Zurich

12

ETH-Zurich-Assumed

Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich ETH-Zurich

13

Gif-sur-Yvette

Climate and Environment Sciences Laboratory LSCE, Pierre Simon Laplace Institute

14

Gif-sur-Yvette-Assumed

Climate and Environment Sciences Laboratory LSCE, Pierre Simon Laplace Institute

15

KIGAM AMS

Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources KIGAM

16

KIGAM AMS-Assumed

Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources KIGAM

17

KIST Seoul

Korea Institute of Science and Technology

18

KIST Seoul-Assumed

Korea Institute of Science and Technology

19

LLNL-CAMS

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory LLNL, Center for Accelerator Mass Spectrometry

20

LLNL-CAMS-Assumed

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory LLNL, Center for Accelerator Mass Spectrometry

21

MALT Tokyo AMS

Micro Analysis Laboratory, Tandem accelerator MALT, The University of Tokyo

22

MALT Tokyo AMS-Assumed

Micro Analysis Laboratory, Tandem accelerator MALT, The University of Tokyo

23

PRIME-Lab

Purdue Rare Isotope Measurement Laboratory PRIME

24

PRIME-Lab-Assumed

Purdue Rare Isotope Measurement Laboratory PRIME

25

SUERC

Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre

26

SUERC-Assumed

Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre

27

Uppsala

Uppsala University, Tandem Laboratory

28

Uppsala-Assumed

Uppsala University, Tandem Laboratory

29

XCAMS (GNS)

Compact AMS, GNS New Zealand

30

XCAMS (GNS)-Assumed

Compact AMS, GNS New Zealand

31

XAAMS

Xi’an AMS Center, China

32

XAAMS-Assumed

Xi’an AMS Center, China

33

iThemba LABS

iThemba Laboratory for Accelerator Based Sciences

34

iThemba LABS-Assumed

iThemba Laboratory for Accelerator Based Sciences

35

Tianjin

Inst. of Surface-Earth System Sci., School of Earth System Sci., Tianjin University (CHN)

36

Tianjin-Assumed

Inst. of Surface-Earth System Sci., School of Earth System Sci., Tianjin University (CHN)

Values for crn_amsID.”AMSURL” field as follows …

The latest crn_amsID table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to crn_amsID table variable specs)

crn_projepsgID fields

PROJEPSGID

PROJECTION

-9999

NA

32601

WGS84_UTM_01N

32602

WGS84_UTM_02N

…

…

32701

WGS84_UTM_01S

32702

WGS84_UTM_02S

…

… truncated …

The latest full crn_projepsgID table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to crn_projepsgID table variable specs)

crn_bestndID fields

BESTNDID

BESTND

BESTND_PUB

BECORR

BESTNDRTIO

-9999

NA

NA

0

1

07KNSTD

07KNSTD

1

2

07KNSTD

07KNSTD-Assumed

1

3

07KNSTD

07KNSTD3110

1

2.85E-12

4

07KNSTD

07KNSTD3110-Assumed

1

2.85E-12

5

BEST433

BEST433

0.9124

9.31E-11

6

BEST433

BEST433-Assumed

0.9124

9.31E-11

7

BEST433N

BEST433N

1

8.33E-11

8

BEST433N

BEST433N-Assumed

1

8.33E-11

9

07KNSTD

ICN

1

10

07KNSTD

ICN-Assumed

1

11

07KNSTD

ICN 01-5-2

1

8.558E-12

12

07KNSTD

ICN 01-5-2-Assumed

1

8.558E-12

13

07KNSTD

KN01-6-2

1

5.349E-13

14

07KNSTD

KN01-6-2-Assumed

1

5.349E-13

15

KNSTD

KNSTD

0.9042

16

KNSTD

KNSTD-Assumed

0.9042

17

07KNSTD

KNSTD3110

1

2.85E-12

18

07KNSTD

KNSTD3110-Assumed

1

2.85E-12

19

LLNL1000

LLNL1000

0.9313

1E-12

20

LLNL1000

LLNL1000-Assumed

0.9313

1E-12

21

LLNL10000

LLNL10000

0.9042

1E-11

22

LLNL10000

LLNL10000-Assumed

0.9042

1E-11

23

LLNL300

LLNL300

0.8562

3E-13

24

LLNL300

LLNL300-Assumed

0.8562

3E-13

25

LLNL3000

LLNL3000

0.8644

3E-12

26

LLNL3000

LLNL3000-Assumed

0.8644

3E-12

27

LLNL31000

LLNL31000

0.8761

3.1E-11

28

LLNL31000

LLNL31000-Assumed

0.8761

3.1E-11

29

07KNSTD

NIST SRM-4325

1

2.79E-11

30

07KNSTD

NIST SRM-4325-Assumed

1

2.79E-11

31

07KNSTD

NIST_27900

1

2.79E-11

32

07KNSTD

NIST_27900-Assumed

1

2.79E-11

33

NIST_30000

NIST_30000

0.9313

3E-11

34

NIST_30000

NIST_30000-Assumed

0.9313

3E-11

35

NIST_30200

NIST_30200

0.9251

3.02E-11

36

NIST_30200

NIST_30200-Assumed

0.9251

3.02E-11

37

NIST_30300

NIST_30300

0.9221

3.03E-11

38

NIST_30300

NIST_30300-Assumed

0.9221

3.03E-11

39

NIST_30600

NIST_30600

0.913

3.06E-11

40

NIST_30600

NIST_30600-Assumed

0.913

3.06E-11

41

NIST_Certified

NIST_Certified

1.0425

2.68E-11

42

NIST_Certified

NIST_Certified-Assumed

1.0425

2.68E-11

43

S2007

S2007

0.9124

3.08E-11

44

S2007

S2007-Assumed

0.9124

3.08E-11

45

S2007N

S2007N

1

2.81E-11

46

S2007N

S2007N-Assumed

1

2.81E-11

47

S555

S555

0.9124

9.55E-11

48

S555

S555-Assumed

0.9124

9.55E-11

49

S555N

S555N

1

8.71E-11

50

S555N

S555N-Assumed

1

8.71E-11

51

07KNSTD

SMD-Be-12

1

1.704E-12

52

07KNSTD

SMD-Be-12-Assumed

1

1.704E-12

53

07KNSTD

SRM KN-5-2

1

8.558E-12

54

07KNSTD

SRM KN-5-2-Assumed

1

8.558E-12

55

07KNSTD

STD-11

1

1.191E-11

56

07KNSTD

STD-11-Assumed

1

1.191E-11

57

NIST_30500

NIST_30500

0.9124

3.05E-11

58

NIST_30500

NIST_30500-Assumed

0.9124

3.05E-11

59

ND

ND

0

Values for crn_bestndID.”BESTNDCOMT” as follows …

  • IDs 1, 2 – Nishiizumi et al, 2007 (NIM-B v. 258, p. 403)

  • IDs 3, 4 – Standard used at PRIME, equivalent to 07KNSTD

  • IDs 5, 6 – ETH-Zurich standard used prior to 1 Apr 2010, Kubik and Christl, 2010

  • IDs 7, 8 – ETH-Zurich standard, equivalent to 07KNSTD, effective 1 Apr 2010, Kubik and Christl, 2010

  • IDs 9, 10 – S130 and S142, Nishiizumi e al., 2007, equivalent to 07KNSTD

  • IDs 11, 12 – S145, Nishiizumi e al., 2007, equivalent to 07KNSTD

  • IDs 13, 14 – S109, Nishiizumi e al., 2007, measured in Cologne, equivalent to 07KNSTD

  • IDs 15, 16 – Nishiizumi standards assuming old Be-10 half life

  • IDs 17, 18 – S154, primary LLNL standard (01-5-4), Rood et al., 2013

  • IDs 19, 20 – LLNL-CAMS in-house standard, cf. Balco, 2016

  • IDs 21, 22 – LLNL-CAMS in-house standard, cf. Balco, 2016

  • IDs 23, 24 – LLNL-CAMS in-house standard, cf. Balco, 2016

  • IDs 25, 26 – LLNL-CAMS in-house standard, cf. Balco, 2016

  • IDs 27, 28 – LLNL-CAMS in-house standard, cf. Balco, 2016

  • IDs 29, 30 – equivalent to 07KNSTD

  • IDs 31, 32 – NIST SRM-4325, but with differing assumed isotope ratio, equivalent to 07KNSTD

  • IDs 33, 34 – NIST SRM-4325, but with differing assumed isotope ratio

  • IDs 35, 36 – NIST SRM-4325, but with differing assumed isotope ratio

  • IDs 37, 38 – NIST SRM-4325, but with differing assumed isotope ratio

  • IDs 39, 40 – NIST SRM-4325, but with differing assumed isotope ratio

  • IDs 41, 42 – used at PRIME Lab prior to 12 Jan 2005, cf. Balco 2016

  • IDs 43, 44 – ETH-Zurich standard used prior to 1 Apr 2010, Kubik and Christl, 2010

  • IDs 45, 46 – ETH-Zurich standard, equivalent to 07KNSTD, effective 1 Apr 2010, Kubik and Christl, 2010

  • IDs 47, 48 – ETH-Zurich standard used prior to 1 Apr 2010, Kubik and Christl, 2010

  • IDs 49, 50 – ETH-Zurich standard, equivalent to 07KNSTD, effective 1 Apr 2010, Kubik and Christl, 2010

  • IDs 51, 52 – S225, DREAMS, equivalent to 07KNSTD

  • IDs 53, 54 – various ANSTO runs, equivalent to 07KNSTD

  • IDs 55, 56 – ASTER standard, equivalent to NIST_27900 and 07KNSTD

  • IDs 57, 58 – NIST SRM-4325, but with differing assumed isotope ratio

The latest full crn_bestndID table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to crn_bestndID table variable specs)

arch_featdatedID fields

FEATDATEID

FEATDATED

-9999

no data

1

Hearth

2

Burial (animal)

3

Burial (human)

4

Mud wasp nest

5

Rock art

9

Other

999

not related to a feature

The latest arch_featdatedID table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to arch_featdatedID table variable specs)

c13_valID fields

C13_VALID

C13_VAL

-9999

no data

1

Measured by AMS

2

Measured by IRMS or CRDS

3

Assumed

The latest c13_valID table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to c13_valID table variable specs)

c14_contamID fields

CONTAMID

CONTAM

-9999

ND

1

Glue

2

Conservative

3

Rootlets

4

Sediment

5

Recrystallised material

9

Other

The latest c14_contamID table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to c14_contamID table variable specs)

c14_hum_modID fields

HUM_MODID

HUM_MOD

-9999

ND

1

Yes

2

No

10

Artefact

11

Cut marked

19

Other

100

Bead

101

String

102

Boomerang

103

Point

104

Hook

109

Other artefact

The latest c14_hum_modID table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to c14_hum_modID table variable specs)

c14_materia1ID fields

MATERIA1ID

MATERIAL1

MATERIA1AB

-9999

no data

ND

1

Biogenic Carbonate

CarbBio

2

Inorganic Carbonate

CarbInorg

3

Charred Plant

Charred

4

Faunal

Faunal

5

Oxalate

Oxalate

6

Paint

Paint

7

Plant

Plant

8

Sediment

Sediment

9

Other

Other

10

Mix of materials

Bulk

The latest c14_materia1ID table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to c14_materia1ID table variable specs)

c14_materia2ID fields

MATERIA2ID

MATERIAL2

PARENTID

MAT2_DESCR

-9999

ND

-9999

1

Bark

39

2

Beeswax

40

3

Binder

3

4

Bone

40

5

Calcined bone

40

6

Calcium soil carbonate

45

7

Celtis seed

39

8

Coral

40

9

Dentine

40

10

Egg shell

40

11

Enamel

40

12

Foraminifera

12

13

Freshwater shell

44

14

Hair

40

15

Marine shell

44

16

Nut

39

17

Otolith

40

18

Peat

39

19

Pigment

19

20

Pollen

39

21

Resin

39

22

Seed

39

23

Speleothem

45

24

Terrestrial snail

40

25

Tooth dentine

40

26

Tooth enamel

40

27

Tufa

45

28

Wood

39

29

Bulk

29

30

Bulk sediment

29

31

Bulk sediment, lake deposits

30

32

Bulk sediment, calcareous lake deposits

31

33

Bulk sediment, organic lake deposits

31

34

Bulk sediment, organic lake deposits, diatomaceous

33

35

Bulk sediment, organic lake deposits, diatomite

33

36

Bulk sediment, peat

29

37

Bulk sediment, gyttja

36

38

Soil

38

39

Plant origin

39

40

Animal origin

40

41

Plant macrofossil

39

42

Pollen concentrate

20

43

Pollen suspension

20

44

Shell

40

45

Calcareous precipitate / aggregate

45

46

Dripstone

23

47

Flowstone

23

48

Cave crystal

23

49

Speleogen

23

50

Calcareous crust

45

51

Minerogenic sample (indet.)

51

52

Artificial / Processed

52

53

Hydrogen pyrolysis residue

52

54

Dispersed NaOH insoluble fraction (humic materials)

52

55

Archaeological artefact (indet.)

52

56

Charcoal

56

57

Carbonate (indet.)

51

58

Sand

30

99

Other

99

The latest c14_materia2ID table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to c14_materia2ID table variable specs)

c14_solvent2ID fields

SOLVENT2ID

SOLVENT2

SOLVENT2AB

-9999

no data

ND

1

Methanol

Met

2

Ethanol

Eth

3

Chloroform

Chl

4

Dichloromethane

Dic

5

Toluene

Tol

6

Hexane

Hex

7

Chloroform: Methanol

Chl:Met

8

Dichloromethane: Methanol

Dic:Met

9

Other

Other

The latest c14_solvent2ID table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to c14_solvent2ID table variable specs)

c_mtdID fields

C_MTDID

C_MTD

C_MTDAB

-9999

ND

ND

1

IR mass spectrometry

IRMS

2

Elemental analyser

Elemt

3

CRD spectroscopy

CRDS

4

Volumetric

Vol

5

Other

Other

The latest c_mtdID table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to c_mtdID table variable specs)

osl-tl_agemodelID fields

AGEMODELID

AGEMODEL

AGEMODELAB

-9999

no data

ND

1

Average Dose Model

ADM

2

Arithmetic Mean

AVG

3

Average variance

AVVAR

4

Central Age Model

CAM

5

Unlogged Central Age Mode

CAM_UL

6

Common Age Model

COM_AM

7

Finite Mixture Model

FMM

8

Internal–External Consistency Criterion

IEU

9

Minimum Age Model

MAM

10

Unlogged Minimum Age Model

MAM_UL

11

Maximum Age Model

MAX

12

normalised Median Absolute Deviation Central Age Model

nMAD_CAM

13

pdf Gaussian Age Model

PDFG

14

Probability Density Summation Method

PDS

The latest osl-tl_agemodelID table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to osl-tl_agemodelID table variable specs)

osl-tl_ed_procID fields

ED_PROCID

ED_PROC

ED_PROCABR

-9999

no data

ND

1

‘Australian Slide’

AS

2

Combined Regenerative and Additive Method

CRAM

3

Multiple Aliquot Additive Dose

MAAD

4

Multiple Aliquot Regenerative Dose

MAR

5

Single Aliquot Regenerative Dose

SAR

6

Single Aliquot Additive Dose

SAAD

The latest osl-tl_ed_procID table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to osl-tl_ed_procID table variable specs)

osl-tl_lum_matID fields

LUM_MATID

LUM_MAT

LUM_MATABB

-9999

no data

ND

1

Burnt stone

Burnt

2

Cobbles

Cobble

3

Sediment

Sed

4

Rock surface

Surf

5

Mud wasp nest

Wasp

6

Other

Other

The latest osl-tl_lum_matID table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to osl-tl_lum_matID table variable specs)

osl-tl_mineralID fields

MINERALID

MINERAL

MINERALABB

-9999

no data

ND

1

Calcite/Aragonite

Ca

2

Potassium Feldspar

KF

3

Sodium Feldspar

NaF

4

Polymineral

Poly

5

Quartz

Q

The latest osl-tl_mineralID table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to osl-tl_mineralID table variable specs)

osl-tl_mtdID fields

MTDID

MTD

MTDAB

-9999

no data

ND

-9991

not applicable

NA

1

Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy

AAS

2

Flame Photometry

F

3

In-situ Gamma Spectrometry

FGS

4

Combined In-situ Gamma Spectrometry and Neutron Activation Analysis

FGS+NAA

5

Geiger-Müller Beta Counting

GMBC

6

combined GMBC and FGS results

GMBC+FGS

7

High-Resolution Gamma-ray Spectrometry

HRGS

8

Combined High-Resolution Gamma-ray Spectrometry and In-situ Gamma Spectrometry

HRGS&FGS

9

Combined HRGS and High-resolution alpha-spectrometry

HRGS&HRAS

10

Mean of HRGS and XRF

HRGS&XRF

11

Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic or Optical Emission Spectroscopy

ICP-A/OES

12

Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry

ICP-MS

13

Combined ICP-MS and –A/OES results

ICP-MS+ICP-A/OES

14

Neutron Activation Analysis

NAA

15

Combined NAA and In-situ Gamma Spectrometry results

NAA+FGS

16

Mean of NAA and HRGS

NAA+HRGS

17

Combined Neutron Activation Analysis and Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry

NAA+ICP-MS

18

Neutron Activation Analysis (+Potassium)

NAA+K

19

Mean of NAA and TSAC

NAA+TSAC

20

Mean of NAA and XRF

NAA+XRF

21

Thick Source Alpha Counting

TSAC

22

Thick Source Alpha Counting + Geiger-Müller Beta Counting

TSAC+GMBC

23

Thick Source Alpha Counting (+Potassium)

TSAC+K

24

X-ray Fluorescence

XRF

25

Other

Other

26

TBA

DNA+TSAC

27

Combined Neutron Activation Analysis and Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic or Optical Emission Spectroscopy

NAA+ICP-A/OES

28

Combined X-ray Fluorescence and Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic or Optical Emission Spectroscopy

XRF+ICP-A/OES

29

Combined Neutron Activation Analysis and Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (+Potassium)

NAA+ICP-MS+K

31

Flame Atomic Emission Spectroscopy

F-AES

32

Combined AES and XRF results

AES+XRF

The latest osl-tl_mtdID table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to osl-tl_mtdID table variable specs)

osl_typeID fields

OSL_TYPEID

OSL_TYPE

OSL_TYPEAB

-9999

no data

ND

1

Infrared Stimulated Luminescence

IRSL

2

Multiple Elevated Temperature post-Infrared IRSL

MET-pIRIR

3

Optically Stimulated Luminescence

OSL

4

Post-Infrared IRSL (2-step)

pIRIR

5

Thermally Transferred OSL

TT-OSL

6

Violet Stimulated Luminescence

VSL

7

undefined OSL type

Other

The latest osl_typeID table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to osl_typeID table variable specs)

sed_depconID fields

DEPCONID

DEPCON

-9999

ND

1

Isolated dune

2

Dunefield

3

Aeolian cap on beach ridge

4

Sandsheet

5

Coastal shoreline

The latest sed_depconID table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to sed_depconID table variable specs)

sed_faciesID fields

FACIESID

FACIES

-9999

ND

1

Channel

2

Overbank

3

Beach / Shoreline

4

Deep-water lacustrine

5

Shallow-water lacustrine

6

Near-shore lacustrine

7

Lacustrine (water depth unclear)

8

Playa

9

Calcareous deposits

The latest sed_faciesID table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to sed_faciesID table variable specs)

sed_geommodID fields

GEOMMODID

GEOMMOD

-9999

ND

0

No modifier, i.e., ‘normal’ dune

1

Lacustrine source bordering

2

Lakefloor

3

Fluvial source bordering

4

Obstacle

5

Coastal

6

Blowout

The latest sed_geommodID table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to sed_geommodID table variable specs)

sed_geotypeID fields

GEOTYPEID

GEOTYPE

-9999

ND

1

Terrace

2

Floodplain

3

Alluvial fan

4

Bench

5

Island

6

Slack water deposit

7

Levee

8

Dune

9

Sandsheet

10

Beach / Shoreline

11

Nearshore deposit

12

Lake floor

13

Lakeshore terrace

14

Deflated cliff

15

Bar

The latest sed_geotypeID table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to sed_geotypeID table variable specs)

sed_laketypeID fields

LAKETYPEID

LAKETYPE

PARENTID

-9999

ND

1

Tectonic lake

11

2

Landslide lake

11

3

Crater lake (volcanic)

15

4

Oxbow lake

31

5

Playa lake

11

6

Fen

50

7

Swamp

50

8

Lagoon

11

9

Lake (unknown origin)

10

10

Lake (non-specific)

10

11

Natural lake

10

12

Natural lake (unknown origin)

11

13

Artificial lake

10

14

Artificial lake (unknown origin)

13

15

Volcanic lake

11

16

Caldera lake

15

17

Lava flow dammed lake

15

18

Glacial lake

11

19

Glacial meltwater channel lake

18

20

Glacial scour lake

18

21

Kettle lake

18

22

Cirque lake

18

23

Proglacial lake

18

24

Subglacial lake

18

25

Finger lake

18

26

Valley glacier lake

18

27

Glacial outburst flood lake

18

28

Ice thrust lake

18

29

Moraine dammed lake

18

30

Drift filled valley lake

18

31

Fluvial lake

11

32

Meander lake

31

33

Fluviatile dam lake

31

34

Lateral lake

31

35

Floodplain lake

31

36

Plunge pool lake

31

37

Alluvial fan dammed lake

31

38

Flood scour lake

31

39

Fluvial terrace lake

31

40

Drained lake

11

41

Backwater lake

31

42

Solution lake

11

43

Karst pond

42

44

Underground lake

42

45

Aeolian lake

11

46

Deflation basin lake

45

47

Dune dammed lake

45

48

Interdunal lake

45

49

Shoreline lake

11

50

Organic lake

11

51

Lake marginal fen

50

52

Anthropogenic lake

13

53

Reservoir

13

54

Meteorite impact lake

11

55

Peat lake

50

56

Periglacial lake

11

57

Thermokarst lake

56

The latest sed_laketypeID table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to sed_laketypeID table variable specs)

sed_morphID fields

MORPHID

MORPH

-9999

ND

0

no modifier

1

Climbing

2

Falling

3

Foredune

4

Longitudinal

5

Lunette

6

Nebkha

7

Network

8

Parabolic

9

Sand sheet

10

Transverse

11

Transverse shoreline

The latest sed_morphID table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to sed_morphID table variable specs)

sed_sitetypeID fields

SITETYPEID

SITETYPE

-9999

ND

1

Outcrop

2

Core

3

Auger hole

4

Pit or Quarry

5

Artificial excavation (trench)

The latest sed_sitetypeID table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to sed_sitetypeID table variable specs)

fos_TaxRank1_classID fields

CLASSID

CLASS

-9999

ND

-9991

NA

1

Amphibia

2

Aves

3

Mammalia

4

Reptilia

5

Sauropsida

6

Actinopterygii

(🔙 to fos_TaxRank1_classID table variable specs)

fos_TaxRank2_infraclaID fields

INFRACLAID

INFRACLASS

-9999

ND

-9991

NA

1

Anapsida

2

Archosauromorpha

3

Eutheria

…

… truncated …

The latest full fos_TaxRank2_infraclaID table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to fos_TaxRank2_infraclaID table variable specs)

fos_TaxRank3_ordrID fields

ORDRID

ORDR

-9999

ND

-9991

NA

1

Accipitriformes

2

Anseriformes

3

Anura

…

… truncated …

The latest full fos_TaxRank3_ordrID table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to fos_TaxRank3_ordrID table variable specs)

fos_TaxRank4_familyID fields

FAMILYID

FAMILY

-9999

ND

-9991

NA

1

Accipitridae

2

Acrobatidae

3

Agamidae

…

… truncated …

The latest full fos_TaxRank4_familyID table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to fos_TaxRank4_familyID table variable specs)

fos_TaxRank5_genusID fields

GENUSID

GENUS

-9999

ND

-9991

NA

1

Abeomelomys

2

Acrobates

3

Aepypodius

…

… truncated …

The latest full fos_TaxRank5_genusID table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to fos_TaxRank5_genusID table variable specs)

fos_TaxRank6_speciesID fields

SPECIESID

SPECIES

-9999

ND

-9991

NA

1

aculeatus

2

afra

3

agilis

…

… truncated …

The latest full fos_TaxRank6_speciesID table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to fos_TaxRank6_speciesID table variable specs)

fos_chemtypeID fields

CHEMTYPEID

CHEMTYPE

CHEMTYPEAB

-9999

no data

ND

-9991

not applicable

NA

1

Acid-alkali-acid and decalcification

AAA_decal

2

ABA_BC technique

ABA-BC

3

Acid-base-oxidation stepped combustion

ABOx-SC

4

Acetic acid treatment

Acetic

5

Alkali wash

Alkali_wash

6

Etching

Etch

7

Filtration

Filtration

8

Gelatinisation

Gelatinisation

9

Hydrochloric acid etching

HCl_etch

10

Hydrocloric acid wash

HCl_wash

11

Treatment with HCl and NaOH

HCl,NaOH

12

Leaching

Leach

13

Boiling in saturated NaCl solution

NaCl_boil

14

no treatment

No

15

not reported

Not_rep

16

Ultrafiltration

Ultra

17

Wash

Wash

18

for other treatment (see attachment)

Other

The latest full fos_chemtypeID table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to fos_chemtypeID table variable specs)

fos_fosmat1ID fields

FOSMAT1ID

FOSMAT1

FOSMAT1ABB

-9999

no data

ND

-9991

not applicable

NA

1

Bone

Bone

2

Bulk bone

Bone_bulk

3

Multiple bones

Bone_mult

4

Calcite filling in bone

Calc_bone

5

Calcite straw (reworked in bone breccia)

Calc_straw

6

Calcite within tooth

Calc_tooth

7

Carcass remains

Carcass

8

Calcite cement

Cement

9

Charcoal

Charcoal

10

Diprotodon crop content

Dipto_crop

11

Eggshell

Eggshell

12

Fireplace

Fireplace

13

Fish otolith

Fish_olth

14

Flowstone

Flow

15

Flowstone (oldest)

Flow_old

16

Flowstone straw

Flow_straw

17

Flowstone (youngest)

Flow_young

18

Gut content

Gut

19

Sarcophilus hair

Hair_sarco

20

Midden

Midden

21

Carbonate nodule

Nodule

22

Plant remains

Plant

23

Post-depositional formation

Post-deposit

24

Sediment

Sed

25

Shell

Shell

26

Marine shell

Shell_mare

27

Skull

Skull

28

Skull (dentary)

Skull_dnty

29

Skull (maxilla)

Skull_max

30

Snail shell

Snail

31

Speleothem

Speleo

32

Coralline speleothem

Speleo_coral

33

Tooth

Tooth

34

Wood

Wood

35

for other

Other

The latest full fos_fosmat1ID table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to fos_fosmat1ID table variable specs)

fos_fosmat2ID fields

FOSMAT2ID

FOSMAT2

FOSMAT2ABB

-9999

no data

ND

-9991

not applicable

NA

1

Apatite

Apatite

2

Bone

Bone

3

Multiple bones

Bone_mult

4

Burnt bone

Bone_burnt

5

Calcite

Calcite

6

Carbonate

Carb

7

Charcoal

Charcoal

8

Cellulose

Cellulose

9

Collagen

Collagen

10

Dentine

Dentine

11

Dentine/Enamel

Dentine/Enamel

12

Eggshell

Eggshell

13

Enamel

Enamel

14

Flesh

Flesh

15

Gelatine extract

Gelatine_extr

16

Gelatine fraction

Gelatine_frac

17

Hair

Hair

18

Acid and alkali insoluble residue

Insoble

19

Acid insoluble fraction

Insoble_acid_frac

20

Acid insoluble residue

Insoble_acid_res

21

Molar

Molar

22

Organic band

Organic_layer

23

Organic carbon residue

Organic_carb

24

Organic fraction

Organic_frac

25

Organic material

Organic_mat

26

Otolith

Otolith

27

Peat

Peat

28

Carbonaceous pellet

Pellet_carb

29

Leaf, seed and stem fragments

Plant

30

Quartz

Quartz

31

Celtis seed

Seed_celtis

32

Shell

Shell

33

Shell (Velesunio ambiguous)

Shell_veles

34

Bulk soil organics

Soil

35

Marine shell

Shell_mare

36

Speleothem

Speleo

37

Straw stalactite

Stalactite

38

Tooth

Tooth

39

Tooth from breccia

Tooth_breccia

40

Wood

Wood

41

Burnt wood

Wood_burnt

42

Carbonised wood

Wood_carb

43

for other

Other

44

Charcoal (assumed)

Charcoal?

45

Sediment

Sed

The latest full fos_fosmat2ID table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to fos_fosmat2ID table variable specs)

fos_mtdsID fields

FOS_MTDSID

FOS_MTDSUB

FOS_MTDSAB

-9999

ND

ND

-9991

NA

NA

1

Accelerator Mass Spectroscopy

AMS

2

C13 adjusted

C13_adj

3

Early uptake ESR

EU

4

Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry

ICP-MS

5

Linear uptake ESR

LU

6

Multicollector ICP-MS

MC-ICP-MS

7

Thermal Ionization Mass Spectrometry

TIMS

8

Thermally-transferred

TT

The latest full fos_mtdsID table version can be downloaded here 🐿️
(🔙 to fos_mtdsID table variable specs)

Footnotes

1

Global Palaeofire Database (https://www.paleofire.org)

2

Entry type descriptions taken from http://newton.ex.ac.uk/tex/pack/bibtex/btxdoc/

3

Anderson, Libby, Weinhouse, Reid, Kirshenbaum & Grosse (1947) DOI: 10.1103/PhysRev.72.931

4

Dorn (1983) DOI: 10.1016/0033-5894(83)90065-0

5

Frink (1996) DOI: 10.2136/sssaspecpub44.c6

6

Huntley, Godfrey-Smith & Thewalt (1985) DOI: 10.1038/313105a0

7

Daniels, Boyd & Saunders (1953) DOI: 10.1126/science.117.3040.343

8

Kaufmann & Libby (1954) DOI: 10.1103/PhysRev.93.1337

9

Arnold (1956) DOI: 10.1126/science.124.3222.584

10

Lal, Goldberg & Koide (1960) DOI: 10.1126/science.131.3397.332

11

Davis & Schaeffer (1955) DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1955.tb35368.x

12

Loosli & Oeschger (1968) DOI: 10.1016/S0012-821X(68)80039-1

13

Raisbeck & Yiou (1979) DOI: 10.1038/277042a0

14

Wilkinson & Sheline (1955) DOI: 10.1103/PhysRev.99.752

15

Marti (1967) DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.18.264

16

Takagi, Hampel & Kirsten (1974) DOI: 10.1016/0012-821X(74)90019-3

17

Smits & Gentner (1950) DOI: 10.1016/0016-7037(50)90005-6

18

Hahn, Strassmann & Walling (1937) DOI: 10.1007/BF01492269

19

Herr, Merz, Eberhardt & Signer (1958) DOI: 10.1515/zna-1958-0404

20

Herr & Merz (1955) DOI: 10.1515/zna-1955-0804

21

Holmes (1911) DOI: 10.1098/rspa.1911.0036

22

Williams (1995) DOI: 10.1007/BF00768738

23

Barnes, Lang & Potratz (1956) DOI: 10.1126/science.124.3213.175.b

24

Thurber (1962) DOI: 10.1029/JZ067i011p04518

25

Prasad, Poolton, Kook & Jain (2017) DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-10174-8

26

Trautmann, Krbetschek, Dietrich & Stolz (1998) DOI: 10.1016/S1350-4487(98)00012-2

27

Hütt, Jaek & Tchonka (1988) DOI: 10.1016/0277-3791(88)90033-9

28

Huang & Walker (1967) DOI: 10.1126/science.155.3766.1103

29

Fanale & Schaeffer (1965) DOI: 10.1126/science.149.3681.312

30

Price & Walker (1962) DOI: 10.1038/196732a0

31

Friedman & Smith (1960) DOI: 10.2307/276634

32

Emiliani (1954) DOI: 10.1126/science.119.3103.853

33

Harold (1960) DOI: 10.1111/j.1475-4754.1960.tb00518.x

34

Rengan (1983) DOI: 10.1021%2Fed060p682

35

Fifield (1999) DOI: 10.1088/0034-4885/62/8/202